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Malcolm Gladwell is a very good writer, journalist. I feel that he has written three books in total: The Tipping Point, Blink, and Outliers. The common feature of these three books is that they are more popular than one, and they become hot topics when they come out.
Outliers This book, the public library of our town (a population of less than 100,000 people) bought 8 books at a time, because it is too popular, borrowing only once a week (the general book is three weeks), the result is over. There are still 20 or 30 people waiting in line for two months. The book review of this book is overwhelming. Even a few days ago, Amazon pushed the Kindle 2 and took it as a background photo.
Like every book written by this reporter, the book's views are not new, not scientific breakthroughs and academic progress. The strength of the reporter is strong. For ordinary people who don’t often read books, their views are very new. These words are finished, what I am going to say is that this book is very valuable. Its greatest value is to get rid of the superstitions of ordinary people about "successful people."
The so-called "outliers" are those individuals in the statistical sample that are too far from the average, that is, those who are not a little stronger than the average person, but who are strong enough that you think he is not the same person as you.
Why are they so cows? A superstitious mind is that they are "The ONE." We can see this kind of thinking repeatedly in Hollywood movies: they may have been bitten by a weird spider to change the DNA, more likely to be born with a different talent, or the fate of prophecy, in short, they succeed because they are different People.
The idea of Outlier's book is that successful people are actually ordinary people, and they are heroes of the times. I will summarize the contents of this book:
- If you want to do something special, such as wanting to be a hockey player, the timing of birth is very important. Canadian hockey players, and many other athletes have birthdays in January, February, and March.
Because Canadian ice hockey players are drawn according to the age of birth on January 1, children born in January have a small advantage because they grow bigger - this small advantage is magnified by the Matthew effect: they get more Training opportunities, such as entering a good team, so they become better, so enter a better team. [Now this effect has been said to be vulgar, see my "Genius Training Guide." ]
Even the average person attending school is also concerned about the date of birth. Because the children born in September started exactly the school year, they were actually the oldest in the class when they entered school. So they learn better and are more confident. After the Matthew effect was amplified, they all performed well until they went to the university. Statistics show that there are more than 10% score advantage!
- By examining Sun's Bill Joy, Microsoft's Gates, and the Beatles, the conclusion is that success comes from 10,000 hours of practice. The author here does not describe the practice itself. His concern is the conditions of practice. The opportunity for Bill Joy was when he was 17 years old, just in time for a computer lab at the University of Michigan, and he got endless hours through system bugs. The example of Gates is very similar. In high school, the wealthy classmates sponsored the time to get on the plane, and then they got a chance at the University of Washington.
How many young people can get such a machine condition in that era? almost none. At that time, many professors who practiced university computers did not have the opportunity to have unlimited time!
The revolution in computers, the best time to start a business is in 1975. At that time, the popularity of personal computers became possible. The 20-year-old is best suited to do this at this time. From then on, the computer hero is best born around 1955. In fact, this is exactly the case: Gates 1955, Bill Joy 1954, how many heroes. [I further introducted: If a person wants to become a computer expert, in addition to the youth age when programming began to spread, there is also a condition that video games are not yet popular! ]
- IQ is as successful as basketball. Within a certain height, it must be the higher the better, but after a line, it may even be worse.
- The biggest advantage for children in wealthy and middle-class families is their strong practical intelligence: from primary school to peers, how to talk on an equal footing, take the initiative to ask questions, make jokes, and control the situation. This is why Oppenheimer is facing a crisis (gossip: this person tried to murder his mentor when he was a graduate student) and can be negotiated very well. Family origin is so important.
- One of the big discoveries in this book is that the year and date of birth determine the fate of the person and discover the phenomenon of the crowd. To be a successful New York lawyer, the best route was born in 1930 to a Jewish immigrant family in New York. The first generation of these Jewish immigrants was often the tailors such as tailors, the second generation had their own small business, and the third generation was all doctors and lawyers. Born at that time, you will catch up with the best times in New York public schools, receive the best education, and then just catch up with the innovative lawyer business.
- The second part of the book talks about the impact of the environment and culture on a person. For example, the mountain culture is culture of honor, paying attention to the hatred, the Korean culture is absolutely obedient, and the rice culture in southern China thinks that the hard work is in exchange for fruit.
The most interesting point is that these cultures were originally caused by the geographical environment, but when the people of these cultures were separated from their geographical environment, such as how many generations passed after immigration to the United States, their descendants still inherit this cultural tradition.
At the end of the audio book I listened to, an interview with the author was attached. He mentioned how he succeeded: he was a Canadian and his own success came from the help of two friends he had known since the first grade. These two friends became the characters of the New York Times and Harvard University in the future.
The feeling I have heard from this book is that people are like charged particles in an electromagnetic field. In research, we are often interested in electrons or protons that have gained very high energy. They account for a small proportion and are called outliers in charged particles.
Is it that these electrons are very special? In fact, all electronics are identical. They just appear at the right place in the electromagnetic field at the right time!
Successful people are affected by the environment, and their high energy can also influence the environment - just like these high-speed particles will also affect the surrounding electromagnetic fields, everything is physics :)
Finally, I think that if a person wants to study how to make himself "successful", this book does not make much sense. Instead, people in the government department should read this book and study how to create an environment that allows their children to have "on the machine" conditions that are not available to professors in other countries. Therefore, although this book has no more technical content, it is very "high-end".
(This article is reproduced by the author)
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We currently organize free book club events every week in the New York area at Columbia University or Fordham University.
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